This Month in Black History
Freedom’s Journal, the first black-owned and operated newspaper in the United States was established.
The Supreme Court ruled on Dred Scott v. Sanford. The court ruled that slaves were not citizens of the United States, had no rights to sue in federal courts and said blacks could not be citizens. The ruling in the case is one of the most controversial decisions the court has ever made.
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands was established to help former slaves and poor whites in the South after the Civil War.
Jan Matzeliger patented his shoe-lasting machine.
Hundreds of people marched from Selma, Alabama to Montgomery, the state capital, for voting rights for African Americans.
Toni Morrison was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her novel “Beloved.”